What does the strain pulley do?
A travel belt tensioner is a pulley mounted on a spring device or adjustable pivot point that is utilized to keep tension on the engine belts. … Both are used to keeptension on the engine serpentine belts so that they can travel the various engine accessories.

How do you adjust a tensioner pulley?
Switch the adjustment bolt privately, top or bottom of the pulley counterclockwise with the ratchet and socket until the accessory belt is loose enough to eliminate. Tighten the tensioner pulley by turning the adjustment bolt clockwise with the ratchet and socket until the belt is tight.
How do you know

A tensioner pulley tutorials the belt around the tensioner and allows the belt to spin while the tensioner maintains pressure against it. A failing tensioner pulley could cause power loss and harm to your belt-driven systems. You might have a failing tensioner pulley if you hear any squeaking or squealing under the hood. Bearings on the pulley can wear out, causing noise and temperature. Pulleys are usually made of either plastic or steel, so check the pulley itself for just about any damage aswell. At O’Reilly Automobile Parts, we’ve tensioner pulleys available for many vehicle models.

The automated pulley tensioner comes with an internal spring-loaded mechanism that keeps the serpentine belt under regular tension. Its design permits it to keep the serpentine belt taut, so that the other equipment pulleys rotate at the same rpm (revolutions each and every minute) while under the same secure pressure. Tensioner pulleys may also absorb gentle shock loads that happen when the air conditioner cuts on and off. As a regularly rotating part, the pulley tensioner can provide off some indicators before failure.

Rust and Corrosion
The pulley tensioner sits exposed to the elements at the front of the engine. Subjected to puddled water “splash-up,” as time passes the tensioner arm and pulley mechanism can rust. Rust can freeze the automated tensioner device or rot the shaft bearings, that may cause a frozen location in the adjustment pressure. Without the correct tension, the belt can slip.
Debris Contamination
Rocks, gravel and other highway debris can be thrown up into the tensioner pulley grooves and jam the device. This can allow the serpentine belt to slide on the tensioner pulley and melt away. Overheated pulley temperatures results, and eventually the serpentine belt will melt and snap off.
Pulley Tensioner Spring
The pulley tensioner spring in the housing can become weak from age and repeated exposure to heat. This triggers the belt to flutter and skip rather than maintaining a constant pressure on the pulley. Symptoms of a poor spring present as glazing on the lower of the serpentine belt, with an occasional flickering of the dashboard’s charging mild indicator. Squealing or squeaking will always be observed at the belt position.
Pulley Wobble
If the tensioner pulley wobbles on its shaft, it means the inside shaft bearings have worn. This may cause a pulley misalignment. Undesirable bearings trigger an audible growling noises. The external ends of the serpentine belt will fray and stretch out the belt. Eventually the rubber belt grooves flatten out and trigger important slippage. An excessively wobbling pulley can toss the belt off, causing all the equipment to quit functioning.
Lever Arm Freeplay
Some tensioner pulleys have markings on the casing that indicate the maximum selection that the pulley can travel. If the lever arm of the tensioner rides under or higher the designated mark, it indicates a stretched belt or a lever arm that has jammed in one position.
Pulley Misaligment
The tensioner pulley face must match to the other accessory pulleys with a parallel alignment. Placing an extended, straightedge ruler against the facial skin of the tensioner pulley, and flushing it against another equipment pulley, can gauge the angle. Any off-position measurement indicates donned shaft bearings in the pulley casing.
Serpentine Belt Noise
A moderately put on serpentine belt gives off a constant squeaking noises during engine idle. Belts which may have worn severely task a loud chirping or squealing audio. The cause tips to a glazed, put on or cracked belt. Dry or partially frozen tensioner pulley bearings can cause such sounds by deteriorating the belt prematurely.
Lever Arm Oscillation
A lever arm that repeatedly oscillates backwards and forwards during idle or more speeds means the the within damper mechanism in the tensioner pulley has weakened or broken. This triggers sporadic tension pressure on the belt and can manifest itself with intermittent chirping sounds.