Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase motor, except that the rotating Single Phase Induction Motor china magnetic field effect produced by the stator does not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is obtainable, a design system is included to begin the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding and no start winding. This configuration causes a change of the applied magnetic field in relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of followers and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start engine)
Has two models of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small fans, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It is a altered split-phase engine with a capacitor in series with the start winding to provide a start boost. App include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal starting switch is necessary. Applications include fans and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.